|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 建设模范省:民国前期关于社会改造的探索(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2020年01期
页码:
69-75
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2020-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Construction of Model Province: An Exploration on
Social Transformation in the Early Period of the Republic of China
作者:
 唐剑彦
 中国人民大学历史学院,北京 100872
Author(s):
 TANG Jian-yan
 School of History, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
关键词:
 模范省社会改造民国
Keywords:
 Model province social transformation the Republic of China
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
 建设模范省是民国前期关于社会改造的一项重要举措,孙中山、袁世凯、阎锡山、蒋介石等军政领袖均着力于此。1912年,孙中山提出建设广东为模范省,试图用社会革命来防止政治革命的发生。1915年,北京政府对地方的控制十分乏力,于是袁世凯指定京兆为模范省,力图以此推进地方建设。袁世凯去世后,中央权力式微,诸多省份致力于打造自治模范省,提倡由省自治到联省自治的统一路径。1925年后,模范省成为国民党推行三民主义的重要载体及内政建设的重要方式。作为一项与时俱移的社会改造方式,模范省建设不仅呈现着民国前期各时段的主要矛盾,也验证了该时期偃武修文的艰难所在。
Abstract:
 Model Province is an important measure for social transformation in the early period of the Republic of China. Sun Yat-sen, Yuan Shikai, Yan Xishan, Chiang Kai-shek and other high-ranking officers and political leaders were committed to this construction. In the first year of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen firstly proposed the construction of a model province and tried to use social revolution to prevent the recurrence of political revolution. In 1915, the Beijing government’s control over the local area was very weak. Yuan Shikai designated Jingzhao as a model province in an attempt to promote local construction. After Yuan Shikai’s death, the government’s power was declining. Many provinces were committed to build autonomous model provinces and advocated a unified path from provincial autonomy. After 1925, the model province became an important carrier for the Kuomintang to implement the Three People’s Principles and an important strategy for the internal affairs construction. The construction of the model province not only presented the main contradictions in the early period of the Republic of China, but also proved the difficulty of ending the military conflicts in this period.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2019-07-10
作者简介: 唐剑彦,女,广西桂林市人,中国人民大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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