|本期目录/Table of Contents|

变革与创新:中国快速城镇化进程中的城市治理困境及其破解之道(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2019年06期
页码:
29-36
栏目:
政治与公共管理研究
出版日期:
2019-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Transformation and Innovation: the Dilemma and Solutions of
Urban Governance in the Process of Rapid Urbanization in China
作者:
任 博
上海交通大学国际与公共事务学院,上海 200030
Author(s):
REN Bo
School of International and Public Affairs, Shanghai Jiaotong University,Shanghai 200030, China
关键词:
城市治理城镇化农民市民化市辖区空间正义
Keywords:
 Urban governance urbanization farmer citizenization municipal district space justice
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
进入21世纪,我国城镇化加速推进并快速发展。城镇化的实质是“农民市民化”,即通过工业化的推动,让广大农民离开土地和农业生产,由散落的乡村向集聚的城市转移人口,进城从事非农产业,其身份、地位、观念及生产方式、生活方式等向城市市民转化的过程。我国城镇化发展历程的一个显著特点是政府通过调整和重构行政区划的制度安排——“地改市”和“撤县设市”“撤县设区”“撤乡并镇”及邻近乡村并入市区“乡改街”“村改居”等途径加以实现的,由此导致和引发了城镇化进城中虚假“农民市民化”、现行市政管理体制不能适应城市治理结构新变化的要求及城市辖区间公共服务资源、机会分配的空间非正义性等问题和困境。为此,要转变思想观念,创新体制和政策,加快推进农民市民化进程;适应城市治理结构新变化,改革和创新城市政府管理体制;坚持空间正义的应然价值,公正分配城市空间利益、资源和机会。
Abstract:
 In the 21st century, China’s urbanization has accelerated and developed rapidly. The essence of urbanization is "farmer citizenization". The farmers left the land and agricultural production. The transferred populations to the agglomerated cities means they entered the city to engage in non-agricultural industries by the promotion of industrialization. Their status, status concepts, production methods and lifestyles are transformed into those of urban citizens. A feature of China’s urbanization is that the government can achieve this by adjusting and reconstructing the institutional arrangements of administrative divisions, which is the way of  "land reform", "removing the county to set up the city, removing the county to set up the district”,"extracting the town and town" and the neighboring villages to be merged into the urban  "village reform street" and  "village change". As a result, it has caused problems such as false "farmer citizenization". The current urban management system cannot adapt to the new changes in urban governance structure and the spatial injustice of public service resources and opportunity allocation in urban jurisdiction. The government should change its ideological concepts, innovate systems and policies, accelerate the process of farmer citizenization, adapt to new changes in urban governance structure, reform and innovate urban government management systems, adhere to the due value of space justice, and equitably allocate urban space benefits, resources and opportunities .This is to solve the difficulties faced by China’s rapid urbanization.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-05-27
基金项目:  中国博士后科学基金第66批面上项目(项目批准号:2019M661529);国家社会科学基金重大项目(项目批准号:15ZDB173)
作者简介: 任 博,女,内蒙古呼和浩特市人,上海交通大学国际与公共事务学院,博士后研究人员。
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