|本期目录/Table of Contents|

明代祠祭署的设置、类别与职能(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2019年04期
页码:
75-82
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2019-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Setting, Types and Functions of the Sacrificial Offices in the Ming Dynasty
作者:
张登璨
中国人民大学历史学院,北京 100872
Author(s):
ZHANG Deng-can
School of History, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
关键词:
明代祠祭署署官国家祭祀治国理念
Keywords:
The Ming Dynasty the sacrificial offices officers the state sacrifices the principle of managing state
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
明代祠祭署隶属太常寺,是署官办事、居住的衙署,主要包括帝陵祠祭署、王坟祠祭署及京城祭坛祠祭署三类。其职能主要是组织陵、坟、坛户进行守值、洒扫、植树除草、供办祭祀等活动。各祠祭署署官通常情况下为奉祀、祀丞各一员。通过对明代祠祭署设置的研究可以看出明代祭祀及治国的一些基本原则和思想:君权至上原则,“亲亲”与“尊尊”原则,敬天保民、以农为本、大一统及慎终追远的思想。
Abstract:
The sacrificial offices were subject to the Court of Imperial Sacrifices in the Ming Dynasty. They were the places where the officers worked and lived, mainly including the sacrificial offices of the imperial tombs, the feudal lord tombs and the Altars in the capital cities. They were responsible for organizing the guardians of imperial tombs, the guardians of the feudal lord tombs and the guardians of the Altars to watch, to sweep, to plant trees and weed, to prepare for the sacrifices and so on. Usually, every sacrificial office had one sacrificer-in-chief and one sacrificial assistant. Analyzing the setting of sacrificial offices in the Ming Dynasty, we can perceive some basic principles and ideas underlying the sacrifices and governance: the supremacy of emperors, being close to one’s kinsfolk and respecting the respected, worshiping Heaven and protecting the people, "the   great unification" thought and worshiping the rites of ancestors.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-12-28
作者简介:张登璨,男,安徽凤阳县人,中国人民大学历史学院,博士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: