|本期目录/Table of Contents|

《墨子》中的为官之道探析(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2019年03期
页码:
91-95
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2019-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
An Analysis of the Methods of Being Officials in  Mozi
作者:
李梁楠
南开大学历史学院,天津 300350
Author(s):
LI  Liang-nan
Faculty of History, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
关键词:
《墨子》为官之道立官为公
Keywords:
Mozi methods of being officials making official appointment serve the public
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
墨子所论述的为官之道主要有三个方面的内容。首先,立官为公,为官亦为公,各级官职的设置和官员的选任都是为了维护天下人的公利。其次,只有德才兼备的贤良之士才能担当官吏这个角色,人们必须先为贤然后才能为官。再次,为官者应该忠于职守,作为君王的臣子要尚同其上、勇于进谏、弗击自鸣;作为百姓的管理者则要勤于政务、兼爱万民。墨子的为官之道表达了普通民众对官员的认知和期待,其大公无私、忠于职守、勤政爱民的精神,在后世官道思想中绵延不绝,对现代官德的建设依然具有重要的借鉴意义。
Abstract:
The way of being an official discussed by Mozi includes three aspects. First of all, he believes that the appointment of officials is for the sake of public interests. Officials at all levels are set up and appointed in order to safeguard the public interests of the people. Secondly, only  virtuous people with both ability and political integrity can play the role of officials. People must be virtuous before they can become officials. Thirdly, he proposes that the officials should be loyal to their duties. They should be loyal to and bravely admonish their monarchs, and have enterprise. They should also be diligent in government affairs and take good care of the people. Mozi’s methods express the common people’s understanding of and expectation for officials. The spirit of selflessness, loyalty to duties, diligence in government affairs and love for the people have been continuing in the later methods of official moral, and still has important implications to the construction of modern official moral.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:   2018-11-29
作者简介:   李梁楠,女,河北保定市人,南开大学历史学院,日本爱知大学中国研究科联合培养博士研究生。
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