|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 从达斡尔族乌钦思考“创作型”传承人(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2019年03期
页码:
5-9
栏目:
蒙古学研究
出版日期:
2019-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 On "Creative" Inheritor from the Perspective of Uchin of Daur
作者:
 吴 刚
 中国社会科学院民族文学研究所,北京 100732
Author(s):
 WU Gang
 Institute of Ethnic Literature, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100732, China
关键词:
 乌钦传承人创作书写
Keywords:
 Uchin inheritors composition writing
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
 在达斡尔族乌钦传承过程中,有独立创作乌钦的人,笔者称之为“创作型”传承人。达斡尔族乌钦“创作型”传承人早在清代中后期就已经产生。达斡尔族乌钦“创作型”传承人特点鲜明,能够熟练掌握达斡尔族乌钦口头韵律规则,且是自觉引向书面化;他们既是乌钦的创作者,同时也是乌钦的演唱者;他们所创作的代表性乌钦作品在民间广泛传唱。理解“创作型”传承人,需要把其放在歌手的“史诗创编”、“书写型”传承人、“以传统为取向的文本”的传承方式当中去考察。“创作型”传承人并非仅仅存在于达斡尔族口头传统当中,具有一定的普遍性;其传承方式是对口头传统的一种创新;其作品对该民族母语口头诗歌和母语书面文学都具有特别的意义。
Abstract:
 In the inheritance of Daur "Uchin" oral tradition, there are artists who are able to independently compose Uchin songs, whom the author address here as "creative" inheritors. In as early as the middle and late Qing Dynasty, the "creative" inheritors of the Daur "Uchin" had already emerged as a group. The Uchin "creative" inheritors have their distinct characteristics. They are proficient in the oral rhythm rules of the Daur Uchin, and consciously transfer the oral tradition to written texts; they compose Uchin and are themselves Uchin singers, and their masterpieces are widely spread among the Daur folk. To understand the "creative" inheritors, it is necessary to examine them against the background of their "epic composition", the phenomenon of "literate inheritors", and the idea of "tradition-oriented text". The "creative" inheritors are of great significance for current researches on Uchin. "Creative" inheritors do not exist only in the Daur Uchin, but can be found universally in many oral traditions. The "creative" inheritors’ method of passing on their works is a kind of innovation in oral tradition. Works composed by the these inheritors have special significance for poetry and written literature in the native language of the ethnic group in question.

参考文献/References

 [1]吴刚.达斡尔族“乌钦”考论[J].民族文学研究,2011(3).
[2]达斡尔族传统诗歌选译[M].奥登挂,呼思乐译.呼和浩特:内蒙古人民出版社,1991.
[3]朝戈金.口传史诗诗学的几个基本概念[J].民族艺术,2000(4).
[4]高荷红.满族说部传承研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2011.
[5]富育光.金子一样的嘴——满族传统说部文集[M].北京:学苑出版社,2009.
[6]高荷红.满族传统说唱艺术说部的重现——以对富育光等“知识型”传承人的调查为基础[J].民族文学研究,2007(2).
[7]马克·本德尔,付卫.怎样看《梅葛》:“以传统为取向”的楚雄彝族文学文本[J].民俗研究,2002(4).
[8]刘先福.从英雄传说到民族史诗——爱沙尼亚《卡列维波埃格》简论[J].民族学刊,2017(6).
[9]彭兆荣,龚坚.口头遗产与文化传承——以非物质文化遗产“畲族小说歌”为例[J].民族文学研究,2009(2).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期: 2019-01-21
基金项目: 国家社科基金重大项目(项目批准号:18ZDA267)
作者简介: 吴 刚,男,黑龙江齐齐哈尔市人,中国社会科学院民族文学研究所,副研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: