|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 对《历史》中灾害异象描写的分析(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2019年01期
页码:
62-68
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2019-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 An Analysis of the Description of Catastrophes and Anomalies in History
作者:
 徐一卯
 南开大学历史学院,天津 300350
Author(s):
 XU Yi-mao
 School of History,Nankai University,Tianjin 300350,China
关键词:
 “助祭”利奥灾害异象命定论社会现实
Keywords:
 Leo the Deacon catastrophes and anomalies fatalism social reality
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
 “助祭”利奥的作品《历史》是关于拜占庭帝国10 世纪下半叶扩张时代历史的重要原始史料。书中提及的地震、洪水、彗星、日食等灾异,不仅是对自然现象的描述,更被赋予了强烈的宗教意涵。其中天文奇观具有预兆警示作用,自然灾害则是上帝惩戒人类的手段,两者之间存在因果联系。利奥对灾害异象的关注与解读既是出于对基督复临等宗教观念的笃信,也是对古典时期命定论的部分继承与改造,更是对帝国上层惨烈政争的不满与批判。基督教观念、古典传统、社会现实三者交织在一起,构成了利奥进行历史书写的主要原因。
Abstract:
 TheHistory by Leo the Deacon is an important original historical material on the history of the expansion of the Byzantine Empire in the second half of the 10th Century. In this book, Leo recorded earthquakes, floods, comets, eclipses, etc. His account was not only a description of natural phenomena, but gave a strong religious connotation. Among them, astronomical wonders have the function of warning omens, and natural disasters are God’s means to punish mankind. There was causal connection between them. Leo’s attention and interpretation of catastrophes and anomalies based on religious beliefs such as the Second Advent of Christ, was also the partial inheritance and transformation of fatalism in the Classical period, and even meant discontent and criticism of the destructive political struggle in the upper echelon of the Empire. Christian concept, classical tradition and social reality were intertwined, and thus constituted the main reasons of Leo the Deacon’s historiography.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-04
作者简介:徐一卯,男,辽宁营口市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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