|本期目录/Table of Contents|

第四次十字军时期拜占庭地方贵族投敌原因——以伯罗奔尼撒半岛为例(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2018年06期
页码:
82-88
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2018-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Reasons for Treason of Byzantine LocalNobles During the Fourth Crusade: A Case Study of the Peloponnese Peninsula
作者:
孙思萌
南开大学历史学院,天津  300350
Author(s):
SUN Si-meng
School of History, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350,China
关键词:
拜占庭伯罗奔尼撒地方贵族第四次十字军
Keywords:
Byzantium Peloponnese local nobles the Fourth Crusade  
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
13世纪初,拜占庭人统治下的伯罗奔尼撒半岛遭到第四次十字军入侵。当地贵族普遍放弃军事抵抗,而是选择投靠和依附十字军,故导致半岛疆土沦陷、统治权易主。君士坦丁堡的陷落、拜占庭皇权的缺位是地方贵族投敌的重要原因,十字军入侵者的诱降手段则是造成这种现象的深层原因。但究其根本,当地贵族的叛国投敌是自12世纪末起,拜占庭中央集权削弱、地方社会贵族统治深化的结果。
Abstract:
In the early 13thcentury, the Byzantine Peloponnese suffered the invasion launched by the Fourth Crusade. Instead of military resistance, most of the Byzantine local nobles defected from their own country and joined the enemy, which led to the rapid loss of territory and sovereignty for the Byzantine Empire. At first glance, the fall of Constantinople and temporary lack of imperial power seemed to be an important cause for nobles’  betrayal, and measures applied by the Crusade leaders also offered an external condition for  nobles’  choice. After all, however, their treason fundamentally  resulted from the decline of Byzantine centralized govern-system and the rise of an aristocracy society since the second half of the 12thcentury. 

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-04
作者简介:孙思萌,女,河北石家庄市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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