|本期目录/Table of Contents|

中国封闭小区治理的经验和逻辑(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2018年05期
页码:
75-82
栏目:
政治与公共管理研究
出版日期:
2018-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Governance Experience and Logic of Gated Communities in China
作者:
霍伟桦
南开大学周恩来政府管理学院,天津 300350
Author(s):
HUO Wei-hua
Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin  300350,China
关键词:
封闭小区基层政权社会治安综合治理城市治理
Keywords:
Gated communities grass-roots government public security comprehensive management urban governance
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
封闭社区作为一种全球现象,在世界范围内影响着各个国家的地方治理和基层治理。目前没有任何一种理论可以完整和清晰地解释中国封闭小区大规模兴起和流行的根本原因。通过研究发现,中国政府为了应对历次经济危机,不得不在住房供给和土地供给两个方面采取一些改革措施,致使原本稳定的中国社会结构开始发生变化,由此导致城乡人口大规模流动,基层治安受到影响。单位制解体导致基层组织和动员能力不足,封闭小区由此诞生,并且成为社会治安综合治理的一个制度化举措。在城市居委会和社区建设运动大规模进行之前,封闭小区一方面维护着社会治安,另一方面在变化的社会秩序中维持着基层政权的稳定。进入21世纪以后,政府力图建立新的社会基层整合机制,封闭小区成为城市基层社会常规化和精细化治理与服务的有效载体。
Abstract:
As a global phenomenon, gated communities affect local governance and grass-root governance in various countries around the world. At present, there is no theory can fully and clearly explain the primary causes of gated communities which large-scale rise and becoming popular in China. Through research, it is found that China government had to take some reform measures in both housing supplies and land supplies in order to cope with the economic crisises, which resulted in the stable Chinese social structure to be changed, the urban and rural population having been moving on a large scale, the grass-roots public security having been deteriorated. The disintegration of woking units had resulted in the lack of grass-roots organization and mobilization. Gated communities came into being and beccame an institutionalizational part of public security comprehensive management. Before the urban neighborhood committees and the communities construction movement were carried out on a large scale, gated communities maintained public order on one hand, and remained grass-roots government stability in a changing society on the other hand. After entering the 21st century, the central government seeks to establish a new social grass-roots integration mechanism, and gated communities have become the effective carrier for the regularization and refinement of governance and services in urban cities and grass-roots society.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-06
基金项目: 2015年度国家社科基金重大项目(项目批准号:15ZDB173);2016年教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(项目批准号:16JZD026)
作者简介:霍伟桦,男,广东广州市人,南开大学周恩来政府管理学院,博士研究生。
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