|本期目录/Table of Contents|

论明代程朱理学的官方化及其对史学的消极影响(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2018年03期
页码:
21-28
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2018-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Officialization of Neo-Confucianism in the
Ming Dynasty and Its Negative Effect on Historiography
作者:
李德锋
内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
LI De-feng
College of History and Tourism Culture, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
明代程朱理学官方化史学
Keywords:
the Ming Dynasty Neo-Confucianism officialization history
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
程朱理学于明代发展的一个重要方面就是其官方化。明代统治者通过官方提倡、与科考制度结合及编定三部《大全》等方式,充分利用程朱理学的理论漏洞,进一步片面发挥其学说中君权神授的逻辑理论,忽略其社会批判意识,从而完成了对程朱理学的官方化改造,巩固了君主的政治地位,推扬了君主最高道德审判权,以进一步适应明朝“收天下之权以归一人”的立国宗旨。同时,程朱理学的官方化还可以从“程朱复出”的方孝孺的惨淡际遇中看出。经过官方化改造的程朱理学,由于奉统治者的意志马首是瞻,这弱化了明代的史学意识,各种泛道德历史评论削弱了史学的客观性,风行的纲目体局限了学者视野,立足于道统建设的学案体加剧了门户之争,使得官方化程朱理学影响下的明代史学呈现出一种萎靡的学术气象。
Abstract:
An important manifestation of the development of Neo-Confucianism in the Ming Dynasty was its officialization. The rulers of the Ming Dynasty made full use of the theory loopholes of Neo-Confucianism, gave a partial play to its logical theory of divine right of kings and ignored its social critical consciousness by means of advocating it officially, integrating it into imperial examination system and compiling three Daquan, which completed the officialization of Neo-Confucianism, consolidated the monarch’s political status, promoted the monarch’s supreme moral power and was fully adapted to the foundation underlying all the efforts to build a country, that is, "incorporating all the power on one person". At the same time, the officialization of the Neo-Confucianism can also be seen from the dismay of Fang Xiaoru’s returning to officialdom, who was resurrection of Cheng Yi or Zhu Xi. The officially reformed Neo-Confucianism completely obeyed the will of the ruler, thereby weakening the historiography consciousness in the Ming Dynasty. A variety of pan-moral historical criticism weakened the objectivity of historiography, popular detailed outlines also restricted the scholars’ vision, and the style of study case based on moral construction exacerbated the sectarian disputes, resulting in academic depression of historiography in the Ming Dynasty under the influence of Neo-Confucianism.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-03-16
基金项目: 国家社科基金后期资助项目(项目批准号:15FZS045)
作者简介: 李德锋,男,安徽萧县人,内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院,副教授,博士。
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