|本期目录/Table of Contents|

六世纪拜占庭帝国皇后索菲亚的政治参与刍议(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2018年01期
页码:
81-88
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2017-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Rustic Opinion on Political Participation of the Byzantine Empire Empress Sophia in the 6th Century
作者:
刘榕榕
广西师范大学历史文化与旅游学院,广西  桂林  541001
Author(s):
LIU Rong-rong
School of History, Culture and Tourism, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001, China
关键词:
拜占庭帝国索菲亚提比略政治参与
Keywords:
Byzantine Empire Sophia  Tiberius political participation
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
573年,由于战事失利,拜占庭帝国皇帝查士丁二世精神失常,为期长达5年。趁此机会,性格坚强且有参政意愿的皇后索菲亚不仅直接干预帝国与波斯的停战议和活动,并且举荐禁卫军统领提比略为副皇帝,两人结成政治同盟共同掌控帝国朝政。578年,查士丁二世去世,提比略即位,并拒绝了与索菲亚结婚的提议。索菲亚此后发动的政变也被挫败,并因此退出政治舞台。索菲亚之所以与提比略结成政治同盟,归根结底是因为在拜占庭这样的传统男权社会中,女性的政治地位天然处于劣势,皇室女性的政治参与需要依托身为男性的皇帝。这也是提比略最终在政治斗争中击败她的原因之一。索菲亚政治生命被终结的另一原因在于,提比略经过担任副皇帝期间的多年经营,已获得了较为广泛的支持,并且牢固掌握着军权。
Abstract:
Defeated by the Persian Empire in 573, Emperor Justin II of the Byzantine Empire of fell into state of mental disorder, which lasted for five years. The strong-minded Empress Sophia with keen aspiration for participation in government and political affairs took this opportunity to not only directly intervene in the truce affairs with the Persian Empire but also recommend Tiberius, the guard commander in chief as vice emperor in order that they two formed a political ally to take control the Byzantine Empire. After Justin II died in 578, Tiberius succeeded to the throne and refused to marry Sophia, who stepped down from the historical stage after she launched a coup and was suppressed. Sophia built a political alliance with Tiberius because in the final analysis in such a male-dominated society as Byzantine Empire women had a natural inferior political position. In this kind of typical patriarchal society, royal women had to rely on a male emperor for political participation, which is just one of reasons why Tiberius eventually beat Sophia in political struggle. Another reason why the political life of Sophia was ended was that Tiberius had obtained more broad support and firmly grasped military power during the four years of acting as vice emperor.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-10
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目(项目批准号:14ZDB061);国家社科基金西部项目(项目批准号:14XSS003)
作者简介: 刘榕榕,女,湖北麻城市人,广西师范大学历史文化与旅游学院,副教授,博士。
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