|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 《二年律令》所见汉初奴婢家庭问题研究(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2017年06期
页码:
75-80
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2017-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 A Research on Slaves and Maid-servants’ Families in the Early Han Dynasty Seen from  The Two-year Decree
作者:
 宁江英
 西北大学历史学院,陕西 西安 710069
Author(s):
 NING Jiang-ying
 School of History, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
关键词:
 汉初奴婢家庭张家山汉简
Keywords:
 The early Han Dynasty families of slaves and maid-servants the Two-year Decree
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
 奴婢地位的提升为汉初奴婢家庭的存在提供了良好的环境,双方均为奴婢、男为奴女为庶人的官私奴婢家庭比较常见。在这样的家庭中,女方往往要尽到为人妻的义务,如为入罪的丈夫提供衣物。主人在主仆关系中处于绝对的优势,法律虽然允许奴婢家庭的存在,但当其婚姻关系、亲子关系与主仆关系发生冲突时,一般得不到法律的保护。因此,汉初的奴婢家庭具有半独立性与非完整性的特征,这与当时奴婢半人半物的属性密切相关。
Abstract:
 The improvement of the status of the slaves and maid-servants provided a good environment for the existence of their families. This type of official-private family with the husband as a slave and the wife a common person was relatively common. In such families, the wife should fulfill her wife obligations, such as providing clothes for her imprisoned husband. The owner was of overwhelming superiority in the owner-slave relationship. Although the families of slaves and maid-servants were legal, they were not protected by law when the marital and parent-child relationships of the slaves and the maid-servants ran into conflict with the owner-slave relationship. Therefore, the families of slaves and maid-servants in the Early Han Dynasty were characterized by half independence and incompleteness, which was pertinent to the half-man-and-half-object characteristic of the slaves and maid-servants.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期: 2017-04-08
基金项目:2012年度国家社科基金青年项目(项目批准号:12CZS015)〖ZK)〗
作者简介: 宁江英,女,陕西合阳县人,西北大学历史学院,博士研究生;咸阳师范学院资源环境与历史文化学院,讲师。
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