|本期目录/Table of Contents|

帕菲特对斯坎伦准则中个人主义限定的批判(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2017年06期
页码:
69-74
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
2017-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Parfit’s Critique of Individualist Restriction in Scanlon’s Formula
作者:
宗 民
中国人民大学哲学院,北京  100872
Author(s):
ZONG Min
School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
关键词:
斯坎伦准则个人主义限定功利主义帕菲特
Keywords:
Scanlon’s Formula individualism utilitarianism Derek Parfit
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
斯坎伦是当代著名的契约主义伦理学家和政治哲学家。他以个人的行为作为出发点,用微观的视角来考察个人道德的本质性问题。斯坎伦试图论证人们的行为何以是正当的,人们行为的过程中是不是有着行为正当性的一般原则,并提出了契约论思想。帕菲特对其思想进行概括,总结出了“斯坎伦准则”,并对“斯坎伦准则”内容中的“个人主义限定”进行了批判。帕菲特认为斯坎伦的“个人主义限定”本质上是对“分配正义的原则”认识上出现了错误。这显示了两个当代最重要的伦理学家、政治哲学家的理论学说中的一个关键分歧。
Abstract:
Thomas Scanlon is a famous contemporary contractualism ethicist and political philosopher. He uses individual behavior as a starting point to to examine the nature of personal morality from a micro-perspective. Scanlon tried to expound and prove how people’s behavior can be legitimate, and whether there is a general principle of the legitimacy of behavior in the process of people’s behavior, based on which he proposed the idea of contract. Derek Parfit generalized  Scanlon’s thought and summarized it as "Scanlon’s Formula", of which "individualist restriction" he criticized. Parfit is of the opinion that "individualist restriction" is in nature a mistake in the understanding of "principle of distribution justice". This is the major divergence in the theories of  the two contemporary most important ethicists and political philosophers.

参考文献/References

[1]龚群.斯坎伦的契约伦理思想初探[J].上海:华东师范大学学报,2009.
[2]Derek Parfit.Justifiablity to Each Rerson[M]. Oxford:Blackwell Publishing,  2003.
[3]Scanlon. Contractualism and Utilitarianism[A].
 Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard and Peter Railton. Moral Discourse and Practice[C].Oxford:Oxford University Press,1996.
[4]龚群.罗尔斯政治哲学[M].北京:商务印书馆,2007.
[5]Amartya K Sen. Utilitarianism And Welfarism[J]. The Journal of Philosophy, 1979,(76).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:  2017-05-30
作者简介:  宗 民,男,北京市人,中国人民大学哲学院,博士研究生;北京作家协会,会员。
更新日期/Last Update: