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塞琉西亚的自治传统——从Boule型青铜币谈起(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2017年05期
页码:
82-87
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2017-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Autonomous Tradition of Seleucia on the Tigris——A Study Starting from the Boule Bronze Coins
作者:
邵大路
南开大学历史学院,天津  300350
Author(s):
SHAO Da-lu
School of History, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
关键词:
塞琉西亚帕提亚王国议事会国王钱币城市钱币
Keywords:
Seleucia on the Tigris Parthian Empire Boule royal coinage municipal coinage
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
塞琉西亚的自治传统问题历来受学界关注。塞琉西亚遗址发现的Boule型青铜币为此问题的解决提供了新的思路。通过该币与其他相关钱币材料的比对分析,以及对城市钱币发行情况的考察,可证明国王对城市自治的态度、王权的盛衰与城市自治权的关系。塔西佗有关贵族与平民之争的记载,约瑟夫斯有关塞琉西亚族群之争的描写,是对同一事件不同视角的考察,可以说明阶层矛盾、族群差异都是影响城市政府更迭的重要因素,族群间权力分配的不平衡是塞琉西亚内部矛盾的根源。
Abstract:
The autonomous tradition of Seleucia on the Tigris has been an academic concern for a long time. The Boule Bronze coins found in the ruins of Seleucia on the Tigris provide us with a new way to solve this problem. By a contrastive analysis of this coin with other related coins and an investigation of the situation of issuing coins in other cities, we can testify the king’s attitude towards the civic autonomy and the relationship between the rise and fall of royalty and the autonomous right of cities. Tacitus’ account of the struggle between aristocrats and civilians and Josephus’ narration of the conflicts between different ethnic groups in Seleucia on the Tigris, are two different views of the same event and bring to light two facts that the conflicts between classes and the ethnic differences are two important factors influencing the alternation of urban governments, and the imbalance of power distributed among different ethnic groups is the root of the inner contradictions in Seleucia on the Tigris.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:  2017-03-03
基金项目:  国家社科基金重大项目(项目批准号:15ZDB059)
作者简介:   邵大路,男,浙江温州市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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