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希罗多德笔下的Araxes河略考(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2016年05期
页码:
66-71
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2016-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 A Brief Study of Araxes River in Herodotus’ Writings
作者:
张龙海
南开大学历史学院,天津  300350
Author(s):
 ZHANG Long-hai
 College of History, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
关键词:
Araxes阿姆河阿拉斯河
Keywords:
 Araxes Amu Darya Aras River
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
在西方古典作家笔下,至少有4条不同的河流名为“Araxes”。希罗多德提到的Araxes河混合了其中两条河的信息,即阿拉斯河与阿姆河。中亚地区的Araxes河为阿姆河。古代阿姆河下游河道众多,其中Uzboy河曾为其主河道,河口在里海。因此,希罗多德所记马萨革泰人活动的核心区当在阿姆河右岸,斯基泰人西迁所跨过的Araxes河为阿姆河。
Abstract:
 In the writings of Western classical writers, at least four different rivers are alled "Araxes". Herodotus’ account of Araxes confuses two rivers, Aras and Amu Darya. Araxes in Central Asia is Amu Darya. In antiquity, lower Amu Darya had many branches, the main stem being Uzboy with its mouth into Caspian. Therefore, the core area of activities of the Massagetae in Herodotus’ writings was on the right bank of Amu Darya, and the Araxes the Scythians crossed when moving westward was Amu Darya.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-05-30
基金项目: 国家社科基金重大项目(项目批准号:15ZDB059)
作者简介: 张龙海,男,山东滨州市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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