|本期目录/Table of Contents|

东地中海自然灾害与乡村社会经济变迁(10—11世纪中叶)(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2016年03期
页码:
83-87
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2016-06-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Natural Disasters in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Transition of
Rural Economy and Society(the 10th to the middle of 11thcentury)
作者:
王妍
南开大学历史学院,天津  300071
Author(s):
WANG Yan
  School of History, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071,China
关键词:
自然灾害拜占庭农业生产土地流转基层社会
Keywords:
 Natural disaster Byzantine agricultural production circulation of rural land local society
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
自然灾害对人类社会的负面影响有一部分体现为其对乡村社会经济的巨大破坏,在农本社会中,这种影响更为显著。10-11世纪中叶,拜占庭帝国统治下的东地中海地区自然灾害频发,据史料记载,灾害不仅使帝国的农业生产受到极大损失,亦加速了帝国乡村的土地流转,促使帝国大地产制发展壮大。此外,严重的灾情破坏了乡村社会的稳定,削弱了基层社会组织——村社的重要性,帝国中央政府逐步失去对基层社会的有效掌控。
Abstract:
 Natural disasters made bad influences on the human society , such as destroying the rural economy and society. The effects were more obvious in the agriculture-oriented society. From the 10thto the middle of the 11thcentury, frequent natural disasters happened in the eastern Mediterranean, which was under control from the Byzantine Empire. According to the materials, the disasters not only destroyed the agricultural production, but also made the negative influence on the circulation of the rural land and the local society. In the meantime, the central government of the Byzantine Empire lost the real control of the rural economy and society.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期: 2016-01-20
作者简介: 王妍,女,山东枣庄市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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