|本期目录/Table of Contents|

近代中国“农民节”的渊源与创建(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2016年02期
页码:
87-91
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2016-04-05

文章信息/Info

Title:
 The Origin and Creation of the Farmers’ Day in Modern China
作者:
李小东
南开大学历史学院,天津  300350
Author(s):
 LI Xiao-dong
 College of History , Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
关键词:
农民节乡村基督教会官方化国家仪式
Keywords:
 The Farmers’ Day rural Christian church officialization national ceremony
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
民国时期,中国创建了诸多新的节日,农民节即为其一。20世纪30年代,乡村基督教会首先提出并举办“农民节”,为乡村基督教徒的节日盛会,未定统一日期,具有一定的民间性和民众性。1941年,全国农林会议决议通过2月5日(立春日)为“农民节”,自1942年开始举办“农民节”纪念大会。“农民节”官方化后,更多地呈现为农政推广和政治宣传的一种仪式,成为战时“政治表达”的可资利用的重要工具和形式。但“农民节”自创建之始就已经脱离农民,它的创建缺乏充足论证,亦缺乏农民的参与。
Abstract:
 During the period of the Republic of China, many new Chinese festivals were created. The Farmers’ Day was one of them. In the 1930s, rural Christian church firstly presented and held the Farmers’ Day as a Christian festival, without a settled date. It showed the characteristics of the folk and the popular. In 1941, the National Agriculture and Forestry Conference decided to make February 5th as the Farmers’ Day. Since 1942, it started to commemorate it. After officialization of the Day, it was increasingly presented as a kind of ceremony of the agricultural promotion and political propaganda, becoming an important tool and form available to "political expression" during the wartime. From the very beginning of setting the Day, it goes far from farmers, lack of any sufficient argumentation in setting up the Day and lack of participation of farmers.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:  2016-01-15
基金项目:2011年度教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大研究项目(项目批准号:11JJD770026);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(项目批准号:15XNH066)
作者简介:   李小东,女,河北保定市人,南开大学历史学院,博士研究生。
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