|本期目录/Table of Contents|

“历史自我”与“哲学自我”——论海德格尔与维特根斯坦早期思想的亲近性(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2016年01期
页码:
45-51
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
2016-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
"Historical Self" and  "Philosophical Self"——On the Close Relationship Between the Early Thoughts of Heidegger and Wittgenstein
作者:
吴三喜
南开大学哲学院,天津  300071
Author(s):
 WU San-xi
College of Philosophy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
关键词:
体验世界历史自我理论自我哲学自我意识哲学
Keywords:
experience world historical Self theoretical Self philosophical Self consciousness philosophy
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
海德格尔和维特根斯坦被称为20世纪西方哲学进程中最伟大的代表。两人的哲学思考共享着一些重要的基本主题。早期海德格尔的自我理论与早期维特根斯坦的自我理论之间具有一定的相似性。具体而言,就是在早期海德格尔看来,体验结构中的“历史自我”是更具源初性的自我,而“理论自我”则是派生的和被奠基的,它是对“历史自我”去历史化后的产物;对维特根斯坦而言,人的身体和心理学主体及表象主体、认识主体都不是真正的主体和自我,真正的主体是“哲学自我”“形而上学主体”,“哲学自我”不是世界的部分,而是世界的界限。海德格尔的“历史自我”和维特根斯坦的“哲学自我”共同反对意识哲学中“意识自我”的统治地位,促成了西方哲学由近代性向现代性风格的转型。
Abstract:
Heidegger and Wittgenstein are named the most famous figures in modern western philosophy. They have many similar basic themes. There is a similarity between Heidegger’s theory of Self and Wittgenstein’s. Namely, in Heidegger’s early opinion, "historical Self"  in the structure of experience is more primary than "theoretical Self". The latter is derivative, which is the consequence of de-history of historical Self. In Wittgenstein’s opinion, our bodies, or psychological subject, or epistemic subject, are not real Self which is named by him "philosophical Self" or "metaphysical subject". "Philosophical Self" or "metaphysical subject" is not a part of World, but the bound of World. Both "historical Self" and "philosophical Self" are against the "conscious Self" of consciousness philosophy, which put the early modern western philosophy to the stage of modern western philosophy.

参考文献/References

[1]Martin Heidegger.Frühe Schriften.Frankfurt am Main:Vittorio Klostermann GmbH,1978.
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[4]陈嘉映.在语言的本质深处交谈——海德格尔和维特根斯坦对语言的思考[A].语言与哲学[C].北京:三联书店,1996.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2015-06-29
作者简介: 吴三喜,男,河北清河县人,南开大学哲学院,博士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: