|本期目录/Table of Contents|

秦汉史籍记述游牧民族时充满误解与偏见的原因探析(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2015年05期
页码:
73-77
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2015-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
An Exploration of the Causes of the Misunderstanding and Prejudice When the Historical Records of the Qin and Han Dynasties Recorded the Nomadic People
作者:
王绍东
内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
WANG Shao-dong
College of History and Tourism Culture, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
秦汉史籍游牧民族
Keywords:
the Qin and Han dynastieshistorical recordsnomadic people
分类号:
K204
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
秦汉史籍在记述和评价游牧民族时,多用一些充满误解和偏见的字眼,认为游牧民族文化野蛮落后,性格尚武斗狠,观念好利轻义,环境寒苦恶劣。常常用"贪而好利"、"人面兽心"、"不属为人"等词形容之。这样的认识偏离了客观公正的轨道,带有明显的偏见和误解。造成这种情况的原因是多方面的,既有战争对峙带来的仇视心理,也有缺乏交流造成的隔阂猜忌;既有记述权的不平衡形成的民族偏见,也有夷夏有别的传统的历史影响。只有拨开笼罩在史料中的重重迷雾,才能对历史进行正确的分析和认识。
Abstract:
In the Qin and Han dynasties, there were many uglifications and slanders when the nomads and the nomadic culture were recorded and evaluated by the rulers of the central plains of China. They considered that the nomadic culture was barbaric and backward: their characters were pugnacious, their notions were greedy and ungrateful, and their living conditions were extremely hard. Thus, the rulers usually used "greedy", "a beast in human form", "non-humanness" etc. to describe the nomads. These points of view were hostile, prejudiced, and far from fairness. The reasons were various: hostility aroused by war, estrangement caused by lacking of communication, ethic prejudice brought from social-class limitation, and historic influences of traditional differentiating the civilized ones from the barbarians.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-6-10;改回日期:。
基金项目:2013年度国家社科基金项目(项目批准号:13BZS020)
作者简介:王绍东,男,内蒙古宁城县人,内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院,教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01