|本期目录/Table of Contents|

亲近自然:异化劳动的扬弃与进化的精神追求——梭罗《瓦尔登湖》异化与生态思想解读(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2015年05期
页码:
5-10
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
2015-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Approaching Nature: Sublation of Labor Alienation and Spiritual Pursuit of Evolution——Interpretation about Eco-philosophy Thought of Thoreau’s Walden
作者:
包庆德 宋凌晨
内蒙古大学哲学学院, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
BAO Qing-de SONG Ling-chen
School of Philosophy, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
梭罗《瓦尔登湖》亲近自然异化劳动精神追求生态哲学思想
Keywords:
ThoreauWaldenapproaching naturealienated laborspiritual pursuitthought of ecological philosophy
分类号:
N031
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
梭罗在《瓦尔登湖》一书中对当时商业主义与物质主义下人们的生活状态进行深度反思,对于人们过度追求物质享乐而终日劳作的现象给予深刻的批判。结合马克思《1844年经济学哲学手稿》中对异化劳动的理论阐述并以此为逻辑维度,对《瓦尔登湖》中体现出来的异化劳动思想进行理论分析,揭示资本主义时代背景下异化劳动之时代特征。就异化劳动产生的原因而言,梭罗除像马克思一样用私有财产来解释之外,还归因于人们精神上独立意识的深度缺失,即在道德上盲目信奉新教伦理与传统生活方式导致的劳动异化。这种解释方式更进一步体现在梭罗在试图解决异化劳动时,诉诸人类的进化带来的更高层次的精神追求。
Abstract:
In Walden, Thoreau rethought people’s life which was under commercialism and materialism, and made a profound critique of the phenomenon that people overly pursed material pleasures and thus hardly worked all the time. This paper gives an analysis of the descriptions of alienated labor in Walden in the logical dimensions of alienated labor in Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1884 written by Karl Marx, and reveals the characteristic of alienated labor in the times background of capitalism. With regard to the reason of alienated labor, Thoreau not only contributed to one’s property as Marx did, but also contributed to the lack of independent consciousness of people’s spirit, namely, the worship to Protestant ethic and traditional lifestyle. The explanation could further reflect that Thoreau resorted to the evolution of mankind to a higher pursuit of spirit when he tried to find the solution to the alienation of labor.

参考文献/References

[1] 亨利·戴维·梭罗.瓦尔登湖[M].徐迟译.上海:上海译文出版社,2009.
[2] 马克思.1844年经济学哲学手稿[M].北京:人民出版社,2000.
[3] 苏贤贵.梭罗的自然思想及其生态伦理意蕴[J].北京大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2002,(2).
[4] 程虹.寻归荒野[M].北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,2001.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-4-8;改回日期:。
基金项目:国家社科基金项目(项目批准号:11BZX029);内蒙古大学生态哲学创新团队项目(项目批准号:121106-22)
作者简介:包庆德,男,蒙古族,辽宁阜新市人,内蒙古大学哲学学院,教授,博士生导师;宋凌晨,女,湖南永州市人,内蒙古大学哲学学院,本科生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01