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超越逻辑实证主义:迈克尔·斯洛特的情感主义道德知识学解析(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2015年04期
页码:
81-86
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
2015-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Beyond Logical Positivism: An Analysis of Michael Slote’s Moral Sentimentalism Epistemology
作者:
方德志
温州大学法政学院, 浙江 温州 325035
Author(s):
FANG De-zhi
School of Politics and Law, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325035, China
关键词:
逻辑实证主义迈克尔·斯洛特情感主义道德知识学
Keywords:
Logical PositivismMichael Slotemoral sentimentalismmoral epistemology
分类号:
B82-09
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
作为当代西方活跃的情感主义德性伦理学家,斯洛特巧妙地运用逻辑实证主义的逻辑(语义)分析和经验实证的双重原则,将人的"移情"体验作为道德命题的经验参照,使道德命题获得了客观指称意义和真值条件,由此诠释一种情感主义视域下的道德知识(元伦理)学——移情-关怀伦理学,试图实现对逻辑实证主义-(情感表达主义)元伦理的超越。
Abstract:
As an important virtue ethicist, Michael Slote cleverly makes use of the logical positivism principles which are logical (semantic) analysis and empirical validation. He regards our "empathy" experiences as a kind of empirical validation to a moral proposition, so as to make a moral proposition get a kind of objective meaning and truth conditions. According to this idea, he constitutes a moral epistemology from the perspective of sentimentalism, and through this methodology, Slote largely expands and innovates ethical method from the view of moral semantics, the logical positivism and meta-ethics (emotionalism ethics) in their treatment to ethical issues.

参考文献/References

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[3] 〔德〕莱辛巴赫.科学哲学的兴起[M].伯尼译.北京:商务印书馆,1983.
[4] 〔奥〕维特根斯坦.逻辑哲学论[M].郭英译.北京:商务印书馆,1985.
[5] 〔英〕艾耶尔.语言、真理与逻辑[M].尹大贻译.上海:上海译文出版社,2006.
[6] Rosalind Hursthouse.On Virtue Ethics[M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press,1999.
[7] Michael Slote.The Ethics of Care and Empathy[M].New York: Routledge,2007.
[8] Michael Slote.Moral Sentimentalism[M]. New York: Oxford University Press,2010.
[9] Michael Slote.Morals from Motives[M]. New York:Oxford University Press,2001.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-2-28;改回日期:。
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(项目批准号:13YJC720011);国家社科基金项目(项目批准号:13BZX084)
作者简介:方德志,男,安徽舒城县人,温州大学法政学院,讲师,博士。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01