|本期目录/Table of Contents|

20世纪30年代绥远省粮食的人均占有(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2015年01期
页码:
43-48
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2015-02-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Grain Per Capita in Suiyuan Province during the 1930s
作者:
于首涛
内蒙古大学蒙古学学院, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
YU Shou-tao
School of Mongolian Studies, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
绥远省粮食人均占有粮食充足与短缺粮食需求与供给
Keywords:
Suiyuan provincegrain per capitagrain adequacy and shortagegrain demand and supply
分类号:
K26
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
20世纪30年代,绥远省并不是一个缺粮的地区,粮食人均占有高于全国平均水平,是一个粮食相对富余的省份。这既得益于人口稀少而土地广阔的自然条件,也得益于绥远农户的勤苦耐劳。尽管如此,各个县局粮食的人均占有却十分不均衡,严重缺粮县的人口约占全体人口的20%。省内形成了以武川、归绥、凉城为典型的三个需求中心,以萨拉齐、安北、丰镇为代表的三个供应中心,粮食在供应地与需求地之间辗转流通,调剂了占有的不均衡,保障了省内的粮食安全,与此同时还形成了包头、归绥两个粮食贸易中心和以萨拉齐为代表的几个运输中心。
Abstract:
In the 1930s, the Suiyuan province was not a province that lacked grains. The per capita possession of grains was higher than the national average level, and it was a province of a relative food surplus, which was a result of the sparse population and vast land natural conditions. This also benefited from the farmers’ hard working. Nevertheless, the grain per capita in each county bureau is very uneven. The population of the food deficit counties accounts for all 20% of the whole population. In the province, Wuchuan, Kueisui, Liangcheng were the three typical demand centers, and Salaqi, Anbei, and Fengzhen were the three supply centers. The grains between the supply and demand area were circulated, which adjusted the possession of the unbalance, and ensured the province’s food safety. Meanwhile, Baotou and Kueisui were two grain trading centers, and Salaqi became the transportation center.

参考文献/References

[1] 吴慧.中国历代粮食亩产研究[M].北京:农业出版社,1985.
[2] 丁君匋.今日绥远[M].上海:上海三江书店,1937.
[3] 绥远通志稿:二十卷[M].呼和浩特:内蒙古人民出版社,2007.
[4] 许道夫.中国近代农业生产及贸易统计资料[M].上海:上海人民出版社,1983.
[5] 中外经济周刊[J].北京:中华民国北京政府经济讨论处,1926(160号).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-10-5;改回日期:。
作者简介:于首涛,男,内蒙古赤峰市人, 内蒙古大学蒙古学学院,博士研究生;内蒙古工业大学人文学院,讲师。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01