|本期目录/Table of Contents|

“南”、“北”为什么可与东、西“通”?(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2015年01期
页码:
34-38
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
2015-02-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Why South and North can Be Connected to East and West?
作者:
阿尔丁夫
内蒙古师范大学文学院, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010022
Author(s):
Aerdingfu
School of Literature, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
关键词:
依照面向日出方向朝阳者体位确定四方方式B种类型“南”(=东)“西”(=南)“北”(=西)“东”(=北)
Keywords:
The directions on the basis of facing the sunpositiondetermination of four directionstype B"South""West""North""East"
分类号:
K207
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
清人顾祖禹在回答阎若璩提出的有关历史地理的问题时说:"凡地理,言‘南’可与东通,言‘北’可与西通……余自是触处洞然。"可是"南"、"北"为什么可与东、西相通呢?阎若璩没有进一步问,即便问,估计顾祖禹也不一定能回答上来。何新先生试图回答这个问题,但也不得要领。其实,北半球回归线以北的人类主要族群都曾使用过一种依照面对日出方向朝阳者的体位确定四方的方式及其确定的A、B两种类型四方概念。其中,B种类型四方概念恰好以"南"(即今之东)为四方之首,连称则为"南"(=东)、"西"(=南)、"北"(=西)、"东"(=北),故"南"、"北"可与东、西通。
Abstract:
When answering the questions about history and geography asked by Yan Ruoju, Gu Zuyu in the Qing Dynasty said: "In terms of geography, I am very clear about that south can be connected to east, and north can be connected to west." However, Yan Ruoju did not ask why south and north can be connected to east and west. If he did ask, it seemed that Gu Zuyu cannot answer. Mr. He Xin attempted to answer this question, but he failed to grasp the main points. As a matter of fact, people living to the north of the Northern Hemisphere decide the directions on the basis of facing the sun, and they determine the four directions by using types A and B. Namely, type B makes south (east today) as the head of the four directions. The four directions are connectively called south, west, north and east. In this sense, south and north can be connected to west and east.

参考文献/References

[1] 〔清〕阎若璩.古文尚书疏证[M].“眷西堂”本卷六上.
[2] 何新.诸神的起源[M].北京:三联书店,1986.
[3] 金祖孟.地球概论(修订本)[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1983.
[4] 叶舒宪.中国神话哲学[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2005.
[5] 曹日昌.普通心理学(合订本)[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1987.
[6] 耿世民.古代突厥文碑铭研究[M].北京:中央民族大学出版社,2005.
[7] 司马迁.史记[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,上海书店,1986.
[8] 谭其骧.长水粹编[M].石家庄:河北教育出版社,2000.
[9] 〔北齐〕魏收.魏书·序纪[M].北京:中华书局,1974.
[10] 江格尔[M].霍尔查译.乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社,1988.
[11] 虞集.高昌王世勋碑[A].苏天爵.元文类[C].北京:商务印书馆,1958.
[12] 贝奥武甫[M].陈才宇译.南京:译林出版社,1999.
[13] 叶舒宪.老子与神话[M].西安:陕西人民出版社,2005.
[14] 阿尔丁夫.日出、日落方向并非向来就称为东方、西方[J].内蒙古师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2001,(5).
[15] 中国大百科全书·中国历史·元史[M].北京,上海:中国大百科全书出版社,1985.
[16] 〔清〕顾祖禹.读史方舆纪要·凡例[M].北京:中华书局,1958.
[17] 刘迎胜.察合台汗国史研究[M].上海:上海古籍出版社.2006.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-9-25;改回日期:。
作者简介:阿尔丁夫,男,蒙古族,辽宁喀左蒙古族自治县人,内蒙古师范大学文学院,教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01