|本期目录/Table of Contents|

虚文与实务之间—元代解由考论(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2014年02期
页码:
98-103
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Between Practice and Dead Letter: A Research of Jieyou in Yuan Dynasty
作者:
郑鹏
武汉大学历史学院, 湖北 武汉 430072
Author(s):
ZHENG Peng
College of History, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
关键词:
元代解由文书迁转制度
Keywords:
Yuan DynastyJieyoudocumenttransfer system
分类号:
K247
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
"解由"是中国古代官员任满时开写的证明文书,主要记载官员的个人履历和在任功过,最早见于唐代。在元代,官员任满时必须开具解由并申报吏部,吏部通过考核解由对其进行迁转。鉴于解由的重要性,元代从制度层面对解由的出给、申报及考核进行了严格的规范。但在实际施行中,解由往往流于虚文,迁转也沦为年劳考校。以解由为依托的迁转制度无法起到选贤退不肖的作用,对元代吏治产生了不利影响。
Abstract:
Jieyou was a kind of certifying document for the outgoing officials in ancient China, which mainly recorded the officials’ resumes and job performances. It first appeared in Tang Dynasty. In Yuan Dynasty, the outgoing officials should issue Jieyou and submit them to the board of civil office. Then the board of civil office would check the officials and transfer them. In view of the importance of Jieyou, Yuan Dynasty government strictly regulated the issuing, submitting and examining procedure of Jieyou in the System Level. In actual practice, however, Jieyou often became dead letter and the transfer system almost descended to an examination on seniority. The transfer system which was based on Jieyou could not appoint worthy person or eliminate unworthy person. The system damaged the administration of the Yuan government.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-9-27;改回日期:。
作者简介:郑鹏,男,山东博兴县人,武汉大学历史学院,博士研究生
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01