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顾炎武《音学五书》中的谐声观(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2013年05期
页码:
116-120
栏目:
语言学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Homophony in Gu Yanwu’s Yinxue Wushu
作者:
曹志国
北京大学中文系, 北京 100871
Author(s):
CAO Zhi-guo
Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
关键词:
谐声声符同声同部
Keywords:
homophonyphonetic elementsthe same phonetic elements and the same thyme
分类号:
H131
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
顾炎武在《音学五书》中较为明确地表现出自己关于"谐声"的看法, 认为"谐声"就是"声符"。他利用韵脚字系联法归纳上古韵部, 在排列同韵部的字时, 发现同韵部的形声字大都声符相同。因此, 他意识到了同声符的形声字在上古应该属于同一个韵部。在"同声同部"认识的指导下, 他离析唐韵、系联《说文解字》同声符的字, 并且扩大范围, 指出了形体不同、声音相近的声符在上古也属于同一韵部。尽管他没有提出"同声必同部"的口号, 但已经为这一理论的提出打下了坚实的基础。
Abstract:
Gu Yanwu explicitly expressed his homophonic views. He thought that the homophony was phonetic elements. After he concluded the ancient rhyme on the basis of means of summing up the rhyming words, he found that the same phonetic elements were the same rhyme. Under the guidance of this principle, he isolated from tangyun and put the same phonetic characters in the same position. He thought that the phonetic elements that had the different forms and the similar sounds were also the same rhyme. Although he had not put forward a slogan of the same phonetic elements and the same thyme, he has laid a solid foundation for this theory.

参考文献/References

[1] 陈第. 毛诗古音考[M]. 北京:中华书局, 1991.
[2] 王力. 古代汉语[M]. 北京:中华书局, 1999.
[3] 耿振生. 20世纪汉语音韵学方法论[M]. 北京:北京大学出版社, 2005.
[4] 顾炎武. 音学五书[M]. 北京:中华书局, 1982.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-12-20;改回日期:。
作者简介:曹志国, 男, 河南洛阳市人, 北京大学中文系, 讲师, 博士。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01