|本期目录/Table of Contents|

内蒙古农村牧区贫困状况及成因分析—基于国家重点贫困旗县数据(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2013年05期
页码:
57-63
栏目:
经济学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Present Situation and Causes of Poverty in Rural and Pastoral Areas in Inner Mongolia—Case of the National Key Poverty-Stricken Counties (Banners)
作者:
钱贵霞 郝永红 吴迪
内蒙古大学经济管理学院, 内蒙古呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
QIAN Gui-xia HAO Yong-hong WU Di
School of Economics & Management, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
农村牧区贫困致贫因素自然因素社会因素经济因素
Keywords:
rural and pastoral areaspovertyfactors causing povertynatural factorssocial factorseconomic factors
分类号:
F061.3
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
随着内蒙古地区经济快速却不平衡的发展, 农村牧区贫困问题越发突出, 急需缓解并最终消除。基于2011年内蒙古国家重点贫困旗县数据, 从基础设施, 专业农业设施、合作组织, 文化、教育、卫生和社会保障情况等方面对这些贫困旗县的贫困状况进行分析, 结果显示:内蒙古国家重点贫困旗县贫困状况仍然严峻, 其人均生产总值和农牧民人均纯收入均低于全区平均水平, 农村基础设施, 专业农业设施、合作组织, 文化、教育、卫生和社会保障水平偏低。城镇化程度低, 乡村劳动力转移程度低;卫生条件差;产业结构不合理, 第一产业发展水平落后, 种植业结构不合理, 粮食单产低, 耕地机械动力投入不足;人均政府财政预算支出不足等, 这些因素都是导致内蒙古自治区农村牧区贫困的主要原因。
Abstract:
The development of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is rapid and unbalanced, so the poverty in rural and pastoral areas is more prominent, which urgently needs to be relieved and eventually eliminated. In this paper, we analyzed the present situation of poverty of these poverty-stricken counties in Inner Mongolia by using the data of national key poverty counties in 2011. They include the infrastructure, agricultural facilities, cooperative organization, culture, education, health and social security and other aspects. Then we built an indicator system of factors causing poverty of rural and pastoral areas. Based on this indicator system, we found out the causes of poverty of key poverty-stricken counties in Inner Mongolia. The results indicated that:the poverty of national key poverty counties in Inner Mongolia is still severe, where per capita GDP and per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen were lower than the average level of the whole Inner Mongolia; the rural infrastructure, agricultural facilities, cooperative organizations, culture, education, health and social security are still in the low level; the major causes of poverty in rural and pastoral areas of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region are lower urbanization, low rural labor transfer rate, poor sanitation, irrational industrial structure, inadequate investment in agricultural infrastructures and inadequate per capita governmental budget expenditure. The results can provide the reference for the government to make related polices on the poverty alleviation and improving the efficiency of poverty relief.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-7-6;改回日期:。
基金项目:2012年度教育部"创新团队发展计划"项目(项目批准号:IRT1258)
作者简介:钱贵霞, 女, 内蒙古扎兰屯市人, 内蒙古大学经济管理学院, 教授, 博士;郝永红, 女, 内蒙古赤峰市人, 内蒙古大学经济管理学院, 硕士研究生;吴迪, 女, 内蒙古扎兰屯市人, 内蒙古大学经济管理学院, 本科生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01