|本期目录/Table of Contents|

《蒙古秘史》中的"夏之首月十六"果真是"孟夏月十六"么?(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2013年05期
页码:
5-9
栏目:
蒙古学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Is "the Sixteenth of the First Month of Summer" in The Secret History of Mongols Really the Sixteenth of the First Month of Summer
作者:
阿尔丁夫
内蒙古师范大学文学院, 内蒙古呼和浩特 010022
Author(s):
Aerdingfu
School of Literature, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
关键词:
草青则为一年物候历孟夏月十六日春之首月首日孟秋月十六日夏之首月首日
Keywords:
green grass means the beginning of the new yearphonological calendarthe 16th of the first month of summerthe first day of the first month of springthe 16th of the first month of autumnthe first day of the first month of summer
分类号:
K247"212"
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
从明初汉字音译本《蒙古秘史》开始一直到今天, 学界无不把其中第81节的"夏之首月十六"视作阴历四月十六, 也就是"孟夏月十六日"。其实, 从帖木真能够长时间地躺在斡难河水里, 羊毛不仅已经剪完, 而且已晒干装车储存来看, "夏之首月十六日"绝不可能是指河冰刚刚融化的"孟夏月十六日", 而是13世纪之前蒙古人使用的以草青为一年的物候历的新年, 相当于阴历正月初一, 可称之为物候历的"春之首月首日"。至于物候历的"夏之首月首日", 指的只能是三个月后的孟秋月十六, 也就是阴历七月十六。将"夏之首月十六"视作"孟秋月十六日", 也就是阴历七月十六, 一切疑难问题都可以迎刃而解。
Abstract:
From the version of Chinese character transliteration of The Secret History of Mongols at the beginning of Ming Dynasty to today, in the academic studies, "The Sixteenth of the First Month of Summer" in Section 81 was universally considered as April 16th in lunar calendar, that is the sixteenth of the first month of summer. In fact, it can be conclude that "The Sixteenth of the First Month of Summer" can not be the sixteenth of the first month of summer immediately after the river rice had melted just because Temujin could stay in the Onon Riverfor long time and the wool had not only been cut but also been dry in the sun and stored. The date ought to be the New Year according to the phenological calendar used by the Mongols before the 13th century. It amounts to the New Years Day of the Chinese lunar calendar, which can be called the first day of the first month of spring of the phenological calendar. As to the first day of the first month of summer refers to the 16th of first month of autumn, that is July 16th of the lunar calendar. Considering 16th of the first month of summer as the 16th of the first month of autumn, that is, July 16th of the lunar calendar is the correct answer.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-11-23;改回日期:。
作者简介:阿尔丁夫, 男, 蒙古族, 辽宁喀左蒙古族自治县人, 内蒙古师范大学文学院, 教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01