|本期目录/Table of Contents|

欧克肖特大众政治思想的历史解析(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2013年01期
页码:
41-45
栏目:
历史学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Historical Interpretation of Oakeshott’s Popular Political Thoughts
作者:
史林凡
内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院, 内蒙古呼和浩特 010021
Author(s):
SHI Lin-fan
College of History and Tourism Culture, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
关键词:
英国代议制大众政党欧克肖特
Keywords:
UKrepresentative systemthe Masspolitical partiesOakeshott
分类号:
K15
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
近代以来的英国代议制政府实际上只是维护少数人利益的寡头政府。英国大众依靠自己数量上的优势, 在19世纪和20世纪不停地对代议制政府施压, 最终赢得了普选权, 并把由个体性愿望产生的代议制政府变成了反个体性的大众政府。现代英国政党组织虽因大众而兴, 却在一定程度上化解了大众民主的压力, 仍是政治精英惯于栖身之处。选民的实际需求成为英国政党制定政策的依据, 这是无可否认的历史进步。但欧克肖特却认为, 技术理性主义为害不浅, 它渗透进英国政党政治中, 使其蜕变为文本的政治和一式的政治。
Abstract:
Essentially, the British representative government was a kind of oligarch government protecting the interests of political elite. Depending on the priority in quantity, the mass in Britain ceaselessly put pressure on the representative government in the 19th and 20th century and finally got universal suffrage. They turned the representative government originating from the individual desires into the anti-individual popular government. While growing up with the emergence of the mass, the British modern political parties neutralized the pressure of popular democracy to some extent, and remained the shelters of political elites as before. Nowadays, the policies of British political parties are based on the electorate’s real needs. This historical progress can not be denied. But Michael Oakeshott holds the opinion that the techno-rationalism permeates every level of the British party politics, and turns out to be the politics of book and uniformity, which breeds harm to the society.

参考文献/References

[1] 吴于廑, 齐世荣. 世界史·近代史编(上卷)[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社, 1992.
[2] 阎照祥. 英国政治制度史[M]. 北京:人民出版社, 1999.
[3] 钱乘旦, 陈晓律. 英国文化模式溯源[M]. 上海:上海社会科学院出版社, 2003.
[4] 迈克尔·欧克肖特. 政治中的理性主义[M]. 张汝伦译. 上海:上海译文出版社, 2004.
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[7] T. O. Lloyd. Empire, We fare State, Europe:English History, 1906-1992[M]. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1993.
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[9] 哈罗德·麦克米伦. 麦克米伦回忆录之三:时来运转[M]. 张理京译. 北京:商务印书馆, 1980.
[10] David Butler, Gareth Butler. British Political Facts, 1900-1994[M]. London:Macmillan, 1994.
[11] Michael Oakeshott. Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays[M]. London:Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1962.
[12] 陈晓律. 关于英国自由党百年沉浮的几点思考[J]. 世界历史, 2004, (5).
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-7-20;改回日期:。
基金项目:内蒙古大学文科学术创新团队项目(项目批准号:121106-18)
作者简介:史林凡,男,河南偃师市人,内蒙古大学历史与旅游文化学院,讲师,博士。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01