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托马斯·内格尔人生观之批判(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2013年01期
页码:
16-21
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Criticism of Thomas Nagel’s Outlook of Life
作者:
陈常燊
复旦大学哲学博士后流动站, 上海 200433
Author(s):
CHEN Chang-shen
Post-doctoral Mobile Stations of Philosophy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
关键词:
人生观客观化个人主义科学主义悲观主义
Keywords:
outlook of lifeobjectivityindividualismscientismpessimism
分类号:
B821
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
托马斯·内格尔基于客观性视角, 高估了人出生的偶然性、生活的荒谬性和死亡的虚无性, 得出人生归根到底毫无意义的结论, 不自觉地陷入了他在心—身关系、认识论、自由意志和伦理学上所反对的个人主义、科学主义和过分客观化困境, 透露出从内在观点看来的悲观主义色彩。这种不融贯状态表明内格尔对人生意义的态度徘徊不定, 引人误导。从外在观点看来的人生的荒谬性和死亡的虚无性, 是一种过度客观化的产物, 应当加以限制。
Abstract:
From the objective perspective, Thomas Nagel overestimates the accidence of birth of man, the absurdity of life, and nothingness of death. He comes to a conclusion that life in the final analysis is meaningless. This would sink into the difficulty of individualism, scientism and excessive objectivity which he opposes in the aspect of mind-body relationship, epistemology, free will and ethics, which reveals pessimism from the internal point of view. The incoherent state indicates that Nagel’s attitudes towards the meaning of life are changing, which would be misleading. From the external point of view, the absurdity of life and nothingness of death are the result of over objectivity and they ought to be restricted.

参考文献/References

[1] Thomas Nagel. The View From Nowhere[M]. New York:Oxford University Press, 1986.
[2] Thomas Nage. What does it All Mean?—A Verry Short Introduction to Philosophy[M]. New York & Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1987.
[3] Thomas Nagel. Mortal Questions[C]. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1979.
[4] Kurt Baier. "The Meaning of Life", in Morris Weitz (ed.). Twentieth-Century Philosophy:The Analytic Tradition [C]. Toronto:Collier-Macmillan Canada, Ltd., 1966.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-7-4;改回日期:。
基金项目:教育部人文社科基金青年项目(项目批准号:11YJC720004)
作者简介:陈常燊,男,江西瑞金市人,复旦大学哲学博士后流动站,研究人员;上海社会科学院哲学研究所,助理研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01