|本期目录/Table of Contents|

大卫·刘易斯论因果性(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2011年05期
页码:
56-60
栏目:
哲学研究
出版日期:
2011-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
David Lewis on Causation
作者:
张文琴
华东师范大学哲学系, 上海 200241
Author(s):
ZHANG Wen-qin
Department of Philosophy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
关键词:
大卫·刘易斯反事实条件句因果关系反事实依赖关系
Keywords:
David K. Lewiscounterfactualscausationcounterfactual dependence
分类号:
B151
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
现代哲学对于因果概念的讨论受惠于休谟,休谟关于因果概念有不同的定义。他除了从相继性、接近性和恒常联系三个特点定义因果关系,还从某种反事实条件关系描述了因果概念。大卫·刘易斯从事件之间的反事实依赖关系对因果性进行了细致分析,体现了剖析因果性概念的新视角,同时也充分表明大卫.刘易斯的模态实在论立场和反事实条件句逻辑在其系统哲学建构中的解释力。
Abstract:
The study of "causation" in modern philosophy owns a great deal to David Hume,who defined causation in two different ways.Causes and effects are defined from their contiguity,regular succession and constant conjunction,while in the other definition causation is analyzed in virtue of kind of counterfactuals,David Lewis noticed the latter and defined causation in terms of causal dependence among events,which in turn in terms of the counterfactual dependence between two families of possible propositions.This counterfactual analysis indicates a new perspective on causation besides the regularity analyses.Moreover it is based on his modal realism and counterfactual logic,which play a fundamental role in the construction of his systematic philosophy.

参考文献/References

[1] 休谟.人性论[M].关文运译.北京:商务印书馆,1997.
[2] 万德勒.哲学中的语言学[M].陈嘉映译.北京:华夏出版社,2002.
[3] 休谟.人类理智研究[M] 吕大吉译.北京:商务印书馆,1999.
[4] DavidK.Lewis.Counterfactuals[M].Oxford:Blackwell,1973.
[5] Frank Jackson,Graham Priest.Lewisian Themes:the Philosophy of David K.Lewis[C].Oxford:Clarendon Press,2004.
[6] David K.Lewis.On the Plurality of Worlds[M].Oxford:Basil Blackwell,1986.
[7] David K.Lewis.Philosophical Papers(VolⅡ)[M].Ox-ford:Oxford University Press,1986.
[8] A·W·Burks.The logic of causal proposition[J].Mind,1951,(60).
[9] David K.Lewis.Philosophical Papers(VolⅠ)[M].Ox-ford:Oxford University Press,1983.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-2-21;改回日期:。
作者简介:张文琴,女,安徽肥东县人,华东师范大学哲学系,博士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01