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由“准联邦制”到“标准联邦制”—兼论英国枢密院司法委员会对加拿大联邦制的影响(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2011年04期
页码:
36-41
栏目:
加拿大研究
出版日期:
2011-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
From "Quasi-federalism" to "Classical Federalism"—the Impact of the Judicial Committee of Privy Council to Canadian Federalism
作者:
葛音
南开大学世界近现代史研究中心, 天津 300071
Author(s):
GE Yin
Key Research Centre for the History of Modern World in Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
关键词:
加拿大联邦制“准联邦制”“标准联邦制”英国枢密院司法委员会
Keywords:
Canadian federalism“quasi-federalism ”“classical federalism”the Judicial Committee of Privy Council
分类号:
K711.5
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
加拿大联邦制在建立之初是一种"准联邦制",其特点是各省权力从属于中央。在英国枢密院司法委员会的司法解释的作用下,它逐渐转变为两级政府权力互不从属的"标准联邦制"形态。这一过程是以一种相对平稳的方式进行的,是对加拿大联邦制下政府间权限划分的一种较为成功的调节,并在很大程度上保证了加拿大宪法的尊严和制度的稳定性。
Abstract:
Canadian federalism was originally designed as a "quasi-federalism" under which the federal government had a comprehensive and dominant power.Under the judicial reviews of the Judicial Committee of Privy Council,it gradually transformed to "classical federalism".The Judicial Committee had successfully adjusted the distribution of powers among the governments under Canadian federalism,and assured the dignity of constitution and the stability of Canadian federal system.

参考文献/References

[1]Francois Rocher,Miriam Smith eds. New Trends in Canadian Federalism[M].Peterborough:Broadview Press,2003.
[2]1867年不列颠北美法[EB/OL].http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/,2008.
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[4]Harlow J,Heneman. Dominion Disallowance of Provincial Legislation in Canada[J].American Political Science Review,1937,(01).
[5]Peter H? Russell. Leading Consitutional Decisions[M].Ottawa:Carleton University Press,1987.
[6]Richard J.Vanloon,Michael S.Whittlington. The Canadian Political System:Environment,Structure and Process[M].Toronto:McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited,1987.
[7]Alan C,Cairns. The Judicial Committee and Its Critics[J].Canadian Journal of Political Science,1971,(03).
[8]Rand Dyck. Canadian Politics:Critical Approaches[M].Scarborough:Nelson Canada,1996.
[9]Donald V.Smiley. The Federal Condition in Canada[M].Toronto:McGraw-Hil1 Ryerson Limited,1987.
[10]Leach,Richard H. Canadian Federalism Revisited[J].Publius,1984,(01).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-12-1;改回日期:。
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(项目批准号:2007JJD770103);加拿大政府2010年度学术出版基金项目(项目批准号:PRE-A8041)
作者简介:葛音,女,山东兖州市人,南开大学世界近现代史研究中心,博士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01