|本期目录/Table of Contents|

“二战”后土著民族在加拿大环境政策中的作用(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2011年04期
页码:
31-35
栏目:
加拿大研究
出版日期:
2011-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Role of Aboriginal Peoples in Canadian Environmental Policy since World War II
作者:
张献华
南开大学世界近现代史研究中心, 天津 300071
Author(s):
ZHANG Xian-hua
Key Research Centre for the History of Modern World in Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
关键词:
土著民族环境政策加拿大
Keywords:
aboriginal peoplesenvironmental policyCanada
分类号:
K711.52
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
"二战"后,加拿大土著民族改变了以往"边缘者"的角色,在环境政策制定中逐渐发挥着重要的作用。这种地位的改变是由土著民族自身、国内法制变化和社会氛围、国际压力等多种因素综合作用的结果。土著人的利益已成为联邦政府和地方政府制定环境和资源政策时不可忽视的重要因素之一。尽管土著民族在资源利用和环境管理方面争取到了越来越多的参与权和自主权,但仍受到很大限制。而环境和自然资源也成为土著民族在加拿大政治舞台上争取福祉的重要载体。
Abstract:
It has been increasingly clear that aboriginal peoples are central to environmental policy and politics in Canada since World War II.They no longer are at the margins of environmental and resource policy communities in Canada.There are several factors to account for this change,including the emergence of a dissent-permitting society,international pressures,more effective aboriginal political organizations,legal and constitutional changes.Although the emerging role that aboriginal peoples and communities play in shaping environmental policy and resource management is far from monolithic,the federal and provincial governments can no longer ignore aboriginal interests.Environmental and resource policy may well prove to be an important arena in achieving and improving well-being of aboriginal peoples communities within Canada.

参考文献/References

[1] Peters,E. J. The Geographies of Aboriginal Popula-tions and Rights in Canada [J]. The Canadian Geographer,2001, 45(1).
[2] Robert MacGregor Dawson,William Foster Dawson,Norman Ward. Democratic Government in Canada[M]. To-ronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989.
[3] Claudia Notzke. Aboriginal Peoples and Natural Re-sources in Canada[M]. Ontario: Captus Press, 1994.
[4]The Staples Theory [EB/OL]. http://people. stfx.ca/mgerriet/ec342/Staples. html, 2010-05-10.
[5] 赵青, 杨士龙. 还土著人以尊严-加拿大土著人问题透视[EB/OL]. http://news. xinhuanet. com/news-center/2008-06/10/content_8342171. htm, 2010-07-23.
[6]R. Bruce Morrison, C. Roderick Wilson eds. NativePeoples: The Canadian Experience[M]. Toronto: Oxford U-niversity Press, 2004.
[7] Dave De Brou, Bill Waiser eds. Documenting Cana-da-A History of Modern Canada in Documents[M]. Saska-toon : Fifth House Publishers, 1992.
[8] Umbrella Final Agreement Between The Governmentof Canada,The Council For Yukon Indians And The Govern-ment of The Yukon[EB/OL]. http://www. ainc-inac. gc.ca/pr/agr/umb/index_e. html, 2010-05-14.
[9]丁见民."二战" 后加拿大土著民族政策的演变[J]. 历史教学, 2010, (2).
[10]Curtis Cook. Constitutional Predicament: CanadaAfter the Referendum of 1992 [M]. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1994.
[11]Peter Douglas Elias. Development of AboriginalPeople’s Communities[M]. Ontario: Captus Press Inc. 1991.
[12] 蔡守秋. 环境政策学 [M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2009.
[13] Debora L. VanNijnatten, Robert Boardman. Cana-dian Environmental Policy:Context and Cases[M]. Toronto:Oxford University Press, 2002.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-12-1;改回日期:。
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(项目批准号:2007JJD770103);加拿大政府2010年度学术出版基金项目(项目批准号:PRE-A8041)
作者简介:张献华,男,山东菏泽市人,南开大学世界近现代史研究中心,博士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01