|本期目录/Table of Contents|

“零废物”管理:温哥华的实践及其对中国的启示(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2011年04期
页码:
25-30
栏目:
加拿大研究
出版日期:
2011-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Zero Waste Management:Vancouver’s Practices and Its Revelations to China
作者:
李宇军
中国社会科学院城市发展与环境研究所, 北京 100005
Author(s):
LI Yu-jun
Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100005, China
关键词:
零废物5R管理目标温哥华启示
Keywords:
zero waste5Rmanagement targetVancouverrevelation
分类号:
X7"711"
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
"零废物"概念最早由"零废物国际联盟"提出,旨在倡导减少所有污染物的排放。2006年大温哥华都会区正式推进"零废物"管理,确定了其废物管理目标,推行有利于"零废物"的政策,落实各种垃圾减量措施,实现了垃圾处置量大幅降低的目标。大温地区的"零废物"管理与实践对我国废物管理有五方面的启示:引入‘零废物’管理思想;从‘垃圾末端管理’模式向‘垃圾可持续全过程管理’模式转变;制定垃圾管制和禁止排放的政策;严格执行垃圾收费政策和提高公众环境意识。
Abstract:
Zero Waste was advanced by the Zero Waste International Alliance early.Zero Waste means designing and managing products and processes to systematically avoid and eliminate the volume and toxicity of waste and materials,conserve and recover all resources,and not burn or bury them.Metro Vancouver initiated the zero waste management in 2006.The government confirmed the management targets,fulfilled the policies to advance zero waste management,and carried out a lot of measures,the result was that the volume of municipal solid waste decreased largely.Vancouver’s practices have five points’ revelations for China: imports the Zero Waste idea;changes solid waste management mode from end-pipe to whole process management;establishes garbage control policies;fulfill charging policy and improves public environmental awareness.

参考文献/References

[1] Metro Vancouver. Recycling and Solid Waste Man-agement-2008 Report[R]. Vancouver, 2009.
[2] Zero Waste International Alliance. Zero Waste Defi-nition[EB/OL]. http://zwia. org, Nov. 29th, 2004.
[3] Recycling Council of British Columbia. What is Ze-ro Waste? http://rcbc. bc. ca/education/zero-waste, 2009.
[4] Metro Vancouver. Greater Vancouver Regional SolidWaste Management Plan[R]. July 1995.
[5] Metro Vancouver. Recycling and Solid Waste Man-agement-2006 Report[R]. Vancouver, 2007.
[6]Metro Vancouver. Integrated Solid Waste and Re-source Management-a Solid Waste Management Plan for theGreater Vancouver Regional District and Member Municipali-ties[R]. July 2010.
[7] 7 月 1 日起大温转运垃圾将加价[N]. 星岛日报,2009-06-15.
[8] Metro Vancouver. Recycling and Solid Waste Man-agement-2008 Report[R]. Vancouver, 2009.
[9] 李宇军. 中国城市生活垃圾管理改进方向的探讨[J]. 中共福建省委党校学报, 2008, (4).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-3-12;改回日期:。
基金项目:加拿大政府2010年度学术出版基金项目(项目批准号:PRE-A8041)
作者简介:李宇军,女,河北唐山市人,中国社会科学院城市发展与环境研究所,副研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01