|本期目录/Table of Contents|

中加能源安全与环保政策比较研究(PDF)

《内蒙古大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1000-9035/CN:22-1262/O4]

期数:
2011年04期
页码:
18-24
栏目:
加拿大研究
出版日期:
2011-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Comparative Studies on China and Canada:Energy Security and Environmental Protection Policies
作者:
林珏
上海财经大学国际工商管理学院, 上海 200433
Author(s):
LIN Jue
School of International Business, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
关键词:
中加比较能源安全环境保护政策
Keywords:
comparison between China and Canadaenergy securityenvironmental protection policy
分类号:
F426.2;F206"711"
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
-
摘要:
通过对中加两国能源基本指标的考察和环保政策的比较发现,中国的能源安全状况远比加拿大要低得多。表现为石油消费强度较大、石油消费增长速度过快、主要能源储存比较低、能源进口集中度过高、战略石油储备天数较低、石化能源在一次能源中比重较高等。对中国而言,减少油气的对外依存度和降低碳排放量的最有效途径是:推动可再生能源、清洁能源的利用,提高其在能源结构中的比重;研发"煤转油"技术,降低化石能源在开采、提炼与消费中的污染程度;促进企业技术革新,降低产品生产中的能耗率;加大新能源技术引进、人才培训和交流、设备服务供应、联合研究。在这些方面,中加两国有着无比广阔的合作空间和合作潜力。
Abstract:
By comparing China and Canada in basic indicators of energy and environmental policy,the article finds that China’s energy security is much lower than Canada’s,which shows the latter has greater intensity of oil consumption,too fast growth of energy consumption,lower storage of main energy,higher concentration of energy imports,less days of strategic oil reserves and higher proportion of fossil energy,etc.But,what is gratifying is that the government policy on developing and utilizing renewable energy is to be a strong push.Anyway,for China,the most effective way to reduce the dependence on foreign oil and gas and to reduce carbon emissions is: promoting the use of renewable energy and clean energy to increase their share in the energy structure;doing RD on "coal to oil" technology to reduce pollution of fossil energy in the course of extraction,refining and consumption;promoting technology innovation to reduce energy consumption rate in production;increasing technologies introduction in new energy,personnel training and exchanges,equipment services and joint research.In these respects,China and Canada have a broad space and potential for cooperation.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-12-1;改回日期:。
基金项目:加拿大政府2010年度学术出版基金项目(项目批准号:PRE-A8041)
作者简介:林珏,女,上海市人,上海财经大学国际工商管理学院,教授,博士生导师;加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚大学(UBC)亚洲研究所(IAR),客座教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01